Rabu, 23 November 2011

Plans Cool the Earth

A plan to cool Earth Region de Vatnajokull - Glacier Breidamerkurjökull - Islande © Yann Arthus-Bertrand the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change adopted in New York May 9, 1992, opened for signature in June 1992 at the Rio World Conference and entered into force on March 21 1994. It was ratified by 193 Parties. Objects and challenges human activities have substantially increased the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. These enhancements increase the natural greenhouse effect and causing global warming, from which natural ecosystems and human beings can suffer. It is estimated, based on current levels of greenhouse gas emissions, that additional warming of 1.5 degrees and 5.8 degrees and sea level rise of 9 to 88cm can happen between now and 2100. (1) the risk is revealed by scientists beginning in the 1970s. On December 6, 1988, resolutions of the UN General Assembly to consider the issue of climate change as "a common concern for mankind". Made the same year, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will confirm the threat of climate change in the publication of the first report in 1990. In this context that on May 9, 1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change was adopted. The main objective of this Convention, under Article 2, to «stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that prevents dangerous anthropogenic interference all of the climate system." This level should be achieved within a time frame sufficient to ecosystems to adapt naturally with climate change, for the production of food to not be threatened and economic development will continue on an ongoing basis. Industrialized countries contribute content to the main part of greenhouse gas emissions, the Convention put forth the head of common but differentiated responsibilities of States Parties.
Head of School This can be interpreted as the difference between the obligations of the Parties that is placed under the Party States .. Annex I (OECD countries newly industrializing countries) should take the initiative to change the long-term trends of greenhouse gas emissions, by adopting policies and measures step that allows them to GHS emissions will stabilize in 2000 in 1990. States Parties in Annex II (that is the only OECD countries) should also provide new additional financial resources to developing countries (does not appear in Annex 1) , ie not only to ensure transfer of technology, but also to cover the costs of obligations in accordance with the Convention. Regarding the mutual obligations between the parties, the Convention includes the establishment and periodic updating of a «national inventory», emissions (anthropogenic in source) and an inventory of greenhouse gas glass absorption by drowning (drowning is a process, natural or artificial, that removes a GHG or aerosol from the atmosphere). All Parties shall also carry out "national program" with a view to reducing climate change, encourage the intelligent management, conservation and enhancement of greenhouse gases sinks and reservoirs (biomasses, forest, and terrestrial ecosystems, coastal or marine). 
They had to finally introduce the appropriate programs to prepare for the impacts of climate change. Effect and application of this Convention was signed in 1992 covering the commitment is so vague that limited nature they can legitimately be suspected. Of the members first conference was held in Berlin in 1995, the need to implement the commitments taken in 1992 is acknowledged. Members of the Conference established the "Berlin Mandate", according to the negotiations that have to put in to adopt the Protocol . This should set a goal calculated in terms of restrictions and reduction of greenhouse gases, along with the calendar and the policies and actions that will allow them to be achieved. However, the Framework Convention has put the head of public services, but different responsibilities, to impose liability specific to developing countries. By way of implementation, the provision for measuring compensation (financial and technological) is thus established, to encourage the participation of developing countries. Moreover, "the implementation of an integrated mechanism", which gives developed countries the opportunity to meet some of their obligations with the measures taken in developing countries, highlighting services. The idea underlying this mechanism is that investment in developing countries than in industrialized countries can cause much more significant greenhouse gas reductions as cost per unit is lower than the decline in the North . The end result is a boon for the global environment. Evaluation of Implementation of the Conference of the Parties is the supreme body of this Convention. It is the responsibility to periodically check the Parties' obligations, facilitate the exchange of information, formulate recommendations ... To do this, each Parties will submit a "national inventory" (emissions and absorptions), an overview of the steps taken or planned to take to implement the Convention as well as other useful information (Article 12). Provisions are made for two other bodies in the Convention. First, "subsidiary body of science and technology advice", which is responsible for providing information on scientific and technological aspects of the Convention but also to evaluate all scientific information on climate change and the consequences of actions taken by the Parties. Second, a "child's body company's implementation of "form, which is responsible for helping the COP to monitor and evaluate the effective implementation of this Convention. For an international conference on climate change held in Accra (Ghana), UNEP published a report on August 26, 2008 which called for the elimination of subsidies for fuel fossil energy, which will allow greenhouse gases will be reduced by 6% per year. Most of these subsidies are used to artificially reduce the real price of fuels like oil, coal, gas, etc. In addition to the harmful effects of climate stability, the financial mechanism will pro- the upper class society, not the low-income (for example India, where 1.7 billion dollars invested in subsidies for LPG in early 2008 to facilitate access to fuel for poor households, a profitable investment income families is higher. Yet , despite the inefficiency of subsidies, the program was extended until 2012.
The conclusion can we draw from all this effort to cool the earth return is located on the consciousness of every individual that we actually have a mutual responsibility to maintain the physical universe, maintain its sustainability. Due to imbalance the ecosystem has made mankind suffer with a variety of disasters that are so damaging, global warming has produced a variety of diseases that afflict humans, but because the disease attacks the growing strength of the human factor, on the other hand the weak human endurance. Simple actions that we should immediately do is to reduce the consumption of goods that are not too important, improving public transport services, making the absorption of water, planted in every empty space is not utilized both land and river basin and began to separate our waste, process it and reduce the burden a more severe nature. thus the news of the danger of global warming can be avoided and we will live together in a cool, natural and good economic growth in the future. "Start from yourself, from the smallest things and maybe you're doing and start now! Let's Save The Earth"

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